Silvpasture system with fruit trees


Tips, tricks, and a quick peek into the everyday life of the conservation district. Being fortunate enough to live in the Maritime Pacific Northwest surrounded by the Salish Sea is something that many of us cherish. Our unique marine environment offers habitat to an abundance of marine and terrestrial flora and fauna that support our lifestyles and cultural heritage. However, balancing land use with protecting our natural heritage can be challenging, especially when you own livestock. Small livestock such as goats, sheep, pigs, and fowl can provide food, fiber, and fertilizer.

Content:
  • Agroforestry & Pollinators
  • The Benefits of Silvopasture, an Agroforestry Practice
  • Putting pigs in the shade: the radical farming system banking on trees
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  • silvopasture
  • Silvopasture Could Work on Your Farm
  • Silvopasture: The benefits of integrating livestock and trees
  • Silvopasture Won’t Help Address the Climate Crisis Until It Makes Sense for Farmers
  • Plum plot: A foray into silvopasture
WATCH RELATED VIDEO: Silvopasture in Action: Integrating Livestock into Fodder-Producing Orchards with Eliza Greenman

Agroforestry & Pollinators

It combines 1 Production of multiple outputs with protection of the resource base; 2 Places emphasis on the use of multiple indigenous trees and shrubs; 3 Particularly suitable for low-input conditions and fragile environments; 4 It involves the interplay of socio-cultural values more than in most other land-use systems; and 5 It is structurally and functionally more complex than monoculture. In an agroforestry system there are both ecological and economical interactions between the various components.

This definition implies that the production of forest goods for the needs of the local people is Social forestry. Thus, social forestry aims at growing forests of the choice of the local population. Shah stated that Conceptually Social forestry deals with poor people to produce goods such as fuel, fodder etc. Farm forestry was defined by NCA as the practice of forestry in all its aspects in and the around the farms or village lands integrated with other farm operations.

It includes the following. This type of forestry is also known as Aesthetic forestry which is defined as the practice of forestry with the object of developing or maintaining a forest of high scenic value.

In this system, agricultural crops are intercropped with tree crops in the interspace between the trees. Under this system agricultural crops can be grown upto two years under protective irrigated condition and under rainfed farming upto four years. The crops can be grown profitably upto the above said period beyond which it is uneconomical to grow grain crops. However fodder crops, shade loving crops and shallow rooted crops can be grown economically. Wider spacing is adopted without sacrificing tree population for easy cultural operation and to get more sunlight to the intercrop.

Performance of the tree crops is better in this system when compared to monoculture. The production of woody plants combined with pasture is referred to Silvipasture system.

The trees and shrubs may be used primarily to produce fodder for livestock or they may be grown for timber, fuelwood, fruit or to improve the soil. This system is classified in to three categories. Example: Acacia nilotica, Albizia lebbeck, Azadirachta indica, Leucaena leucocephala, Gliricidia sepium, Sesbania grandiflora. Example: Gliricidia sepium, Sesbania grandiflora, Erythrina sp, Acacia sp.

Example: Acacia nilotica, Acacia leucophloea ,Tamarindus indica, Azadirachta indica. The production of woody perennials combined with annuals and pastures is referred Agrisilvopastural system. This system is grouped into two categories. This practice finds expression in the states of Kerala and Tamil Nadu with humid tropical climates where coconut is the main crop.

Many species of trees, bushes , vegetables and other herbaceous plants are grown in dense and in random or spatial and temporal arrangements. Most home gardens also support a variety of animals.

Fodder grass and legumes are also grown to meet the fodder requirement of cattle. In India, every homestead has around 0. Home gardens represent land use systems involving deliberate management of multipurpose trees and shrubs in intimate association with annual and perennial agricultural crops and livestock within the compounds of individual houses.

The whole tree- crop- animal units are being intensively managed by family labour. Home gardens can also be called as Multitier system or Multitier cropping. Home gardens are highly productive, sustainable and very practicable. Food production is primary function of most home gardens. Structure of Home Gardens: Home gardens are characterized by high species diversity and usually vertical canopy strata. The layered configuration and compatible species admixture are the most conspicuous characteristics of all home gardens.

Generally all home gardens consist of an herbaceous layer near the ground, a tree layer at the upper levels and an intermediate layer. The lower layer can be partitioned into two, the lowermost being at less than 1. The upper tree layer can also be divided into two, consisting of emergent , full grown timber and fruit trees occupying the upper most layer of 25m height and medium size trees of m occupying the next lower layer.

The intermediate layer of m height is dominated by various fruit trees. The following species viz. Tree leaves are used as feed for fish. The main role of this system is fish production and bund stabilization around fish ponds. Spatial Arrangement: Spatial arrangement of plants in an agroforestry mixture may result in dense mixed stands as in home gardens or in sparse mixed stands as in most systems of trees in pastures.

An extreme example is the conventional shifting cultivation cycles involving years of cropping and more than 15 years of fallow cycle, when a selected woody species or mixtures of species may be planted. Similarly, some silvipastoral systems may involve grass leys in rotation with some species of grass remaining on the land for several years. These temporal arrangement of components in agroforestry are termed coincident, concomitant, overlapping, separate and interpolated.

A Commercial AF systems: The term commercial is used whenever the scale of the production of the output is the major aim of the system. Examples: a Commercial production of plantation crops such as rubber, oilpalm, and coconut with permanent underplanting of food crops, pastures b Commercial production shade tolerating plantation crops such as coffee, tea and cocoa under overstorey of shade trees.

B Intermediate AF systems: Intermediate systems are those between commercial and subsistence scale of production and management.

C Subsistence AF systems: Subsistence AF systems are those wherein the use of land is directed towards satisfying basic needs and is managed mostly by the owner and his family. B Agroforestry systems in Semiarid and arid lands Examples: Various forms of silvopastoral systems, wind breaks and shelterbelts.

C Agroforestry systems in Tropical High lands Examples: Production systems involving plantation crops such as coffee, tea, use of woody perennials in soil conservation and improved fallow.

A Environmental benefits i Reduction of pressure on natural forests. Forestry Technologies. Linear strip plantations. I Spatial arrangement II Temporal arrangement.


The Benefits of Silvopasture, an Agroforestry Practice

A large number of traditional agroforestry systems have been recognized from different parts of the world. Each is a specific local example of the association or combination of the components, characterized by the plant species and their arrangement and management, and environmental. Silvopasture : Grazing systems Cut and carry system Protein banks. Riparian buffer strips. Intimate multistory combinations of a large number of various trees and crops in homesteads; livestock may or may not be present.

FS - Rotational cattle grazing in traditional orchards PA - Carob fruit production in silvopastoral systems: a viable production for dry climate.

Putting pigs in the shade: the radical farming system banking on trees

PA — Introducing trees in beef cattle grazing areas. FS — Rotational cattle grazing in traditional orchards. FS — Beef cattle in agroforestry systems. FS — Using local breeds to add-value to meat products. FS — PA — Traditional grazing of sheep as a sustainable silvopastoral system. FS — PA — Carob fruit production in silvopastoral systems: a viable production for dry climate. FS — PA — High quality feeding to ewes. FS — PA — Soil carbon stock in olive groves agroforestry systems under different management and soil characteristics. PA — Silvopasture practices with Cherry trees. PA — Pastures under fruit trees, a French example of regenerating fertility in an old orchard thanks to sheep.

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Silvopasture is the intentional combination of trees, forage plants and livestock together as an integrated, intensively-managed system. Silvopasture can provide profitable opportunities for softwood or hardwood timber growers, forest landowners, and livestock producers. Return on investment. By adding a livestock production component, silvopasture creates a stable source of cash flow prior to nut or timber harvest e. For livestock graziers, add a long-term timber while maintaining forage production provides more income than grazing alone.

Jump to navigation. Silvopasture is an ancient practice that integrates trees and pasture into a single system for raising livestock.

Silvopasture

At Regen Farmer we engage in projects to develop regenerative agroforestry systems. We work with a variety of different clients. Below are examples of our work. Summary : Design of Orchard Grazing system with fruit trees and berries bushes. Integration of mobile animal units in system and dimensioning accordingly.

Silvopasture Could Work on Your Farm

Farms in the U. Yet the need for pollinators in agricultural landscapes has never been greater. Globally, the acreage of insect pollinated crops has more than doubled in the past 50 years. At the same time, commercial beekeepers in the U. Native bee abundance and diversity is challenged as well.

silvopasture integrates trees, pasture, and forage into a single system. trees, and any additional forestry products, such as nuts, fruit.

Silvopasture: The benefits of integrating livestock and trees

Silvopasture is the intentional integrated management of trees, forages and grazing livestock for a production benefit. Allowing livestock to graze in a natural woodland area without active livestock and forage grazing management is NOT considered agroforestry. Silvopasture can be created using two different approaches. The right choice of tree crop often matched to soils allows you to carry on a profitable livestock operation while creating a long-term investment in timber or forest products.

Silvopasture Won’t Help Address the Climate Crisis Until It Makes Sense for Farmers

RELATED VIDEO: Silvopasture: Adding Trees to Pastures to Improve Lands and Waters

Silvopasture is the deliberate integration of a woody component with grazed pastures as understorey. It is one of the most extended agroforestry practices all over the world. Silvopasture use is key to increase the sustainability of livestock farming systems as silvopasture reduces the use of concentrates since the woody component provides feed for animals. However, it is not an extensively used practice in Europe. This paper aims at evaluating, from Eurostat, LUCAS database and the rural development programs, the current situation of permanent grasslands in the Mediterranean area of Europe as well as the rural development programmes fostering silvopasture to better understand how sustainable land use systems are promoted and provide insights to foster silvopasture across Europe. The results of this study show that most of the policy measures related to silvopasture are adapted to the local necessity.

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Plum plot: A foray into silvopasture

A farm in Portugal is showing how the ancient art of silvopasture — combining livestock with productive trees — may offer some real answers to the climate crisis. T he land to the north of the village of Foros de Vale Figueira in southern Portugal has been owned and farmed through the centuries by Romans, Moors, Christians, capitalists, far rightists, even the military. It has been part of a private fiefdom, worked by slaves as well as communists. Now this hectare acre patch of land just looks exhausted — a great empty grassland without trees, people or animals, wilting under a baking Iberian sun. But look closely and you can just see the future: tips of thousands of tiny oak and nut trees following the contours and poking through thick mulches of grass and leaves. He is an agricultural scientist whose great-grandfather cleared the cork and olive trees that were once scattered around, and whose family then overworked the land by dosing it with chemicals and growing monocultures of cereals.

Within the practice of agroforestry, or mixing trees with agricultural production, the concept of silvopasture has some of the broadest appeal. Many farms already work with livestock, and making good use of forested land for multiple yields is highly beneficial to the farmer. Whether you choose to graze sheep in a Christmas tree farm, move cows through a walnut plantation, or graze chickens though an apple orchard, several key principles apply.


Watch the video: Silvopasture Systems in New York and Their Contributions to Capturing Carbon webinar


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