Discover fermented stinging nettle tea , an excellent fertilizer for plants in both gardens and vegetable patches, and an amazing pest control agent for most parasites like aphids. Fermented stinging nettle tea is increasingly used across the world, and is even sold in specialized stores. Did you know it is perfectly possible to prepare some yourself? This nettle-based preparation has unique growth-stimulating properties on plants, and it also repels most pests, aphids, mites and ticks. It works preventively thanks to its immune system-boosting powers.
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Plant Data Sheet. Urtica dioica. William S. Species common name, Latin name. Common throughout North America , in much of the Unites States, throughout Canda and south along the west coast to Mexico. Stinging nettle occurs from sea level to subalpine elevations.
Stinging nettle persists in northern climates, spreading vegetatively rather than by seed. Local occurrence where, how common. Stinging nettle is a common understory component of riparian communities and also occurs in and adjacent to marshes and meadows and in disturbed areas. Stinging nettles are widespread, growing mostly in moist woods often under alders where the soil is soft and black.
Colonies sometimes cover acres. Stinging nettle is considered a weedy, invasive species. Stinging nettle occurs in moist sites along streams, open forests, and ditches, on mountain slopes, in woodland clearings, and in disturbed areas such as roadsides and old fields.
Stinging nettle generally grows moist, nitrogen-rich areas, preferring open, rich forests. Stinging nettle is a common understory component of riparian communities. Stinging nettle is probably intermediate in shade tolerance. It occurs and produces seed in shady habitats but produces more seed in full sun. It establishes colonies from which other plants are virtually excluded.
Stinging nettle invades disturbed sites. Stinging nettle colonizes wetland sites when water levels drop. Alnus rubra , red alder 5. May be collected as: seed, layered, divisions, etc. Stinging nettle reproduces vegetatively and by seed.
Stinging nettle produces abundant seed. Plants growing in the shade produce approximately to 5, seeds per shoot and plants growing in full sunlight produce 10, to 20, seeds per shoot.
Collection restrictions or guidelines. Seeds remain on the plant until frost when they fall to the ground. Seeds are not dormant and can germinate 5 to 10 days after maturity. Stinging nettle sends new shoots up each year from buds on rhizomes.
Maximum root development occurs in the spring prior to flowering. Stinging nettle flowers mid-May on into early July. Seed germination needs dormancy breaking? Pre-planting treatments: seeds after-ripened in dry storage and area warm stratified. Seed life can be stored, short shelf-life, long shelf-life. Recommended seed storage conditions. Propagation recommendations plant seeds, vegetative parts, cuttings, etc. Propagation of nettle can either take place by seed or vegetatively by divisions.
Once completing their after-ripening process, seeds should be warm stratified. Propagation of nettle can also take place vegetatively by divisions. Vegetative propagation is simple but labor intensive; it can be done using conventional cabbage planting machinery.
Soil or medium requirements inoculum necessary? Information on cultivation of nettle crops is limited although it is thought that the plant prefers loose soil, preferably with a layer of organic matter to encourage growth. The plant is thought to be responsive to nitrogen and will require high phosphate levels for rapid growth rates. Stocks should be grown in rich potting medium with regular fertilization to ensure healthy nursery stock is produced. Installation form form, potential for successful outcomes, cost.
During propagation and planting, care should be taken as hairs on the leaves and stem contain formic acid that will be injected into the skin when touched. Seeds can be planted in late fall to allow for germination to take place the following spring or summer. A rhizome planted in late summer can spread into an 8. Recommended planting density. Urtica diocia is known to form dense thickets 4 so there should not be cause for worry about planting too closely.
Care requirements after installed water weekly, water once etc. If not in a moist area, Urtica dioica may need supplemental watering through its first summer of establishment.
Normal rate of growth or spread; lifespan. Fast grower, growing 1 to 3 meters tall each year. Baskin, Carol C. Propagation protocol for production of container Urtica dioica L. In: Native Plant Network. DG Research of the European Commission. Jacobson, Arthur Lee. Seattle , WA. Pojar , J. Plants of the Pacific Northwest Coast.
Data compiled by student name and date. Normal rate of growth or spread; lifespan Fast grower, growing 1 to 3 meters tall each year. Pojar Sources cited 1.
Stinging nettle, Indian nettle, bergamot, gold balm, bee balm or — based on the botanical name — monard: The species of the genus Monarda carry many different names. However, the Indian nettle or Stinging nettle is most widespread, because the species, which originates from North America, was used by the Indians as a medicinal plant long before its introduction as an ornamental plant. The perennial, which belongs to the family of labiates Lamiaceae , received its name because of its nettle-like, aromatic-scented leaves, from which the Oswego Indians made a tea against colds. The individual pink, white, purple or red flowers sit together in dense, fringed whorls and attract many bees and other insects from June to September.
Stinging Nettle. Certified Organic Seed. Urtica dioica. Valued perennial medicinal herb and leafy green. If Grimm's fairy tales are.
What is a weed? By definition a weed is a plant that is growing in the wrong place. Weeds take valuable space, water, sunlight and nutrients that may otherwise be accessible to important crops, in our case turf grasses. Weeds not only compete for these resources they can disfigure and cause problems to playing surfaces. Weeds are very good competitors and take advantage of any opportunities to colonise turf situations, particularly when the sward is under stress and weak, leaving bare soil areas for weeds to populate. Weeds have many mechanisms and characteristics that enable them to do this, having thick waxy cuticle leaves that can be resistant to some chemicals, fast reproduction methods, the ability to reseed in 6 week cycles and deep tap roots enabling the weed to survive in compacted dry ground conditions. Some weeds may be harmful to the environment or noxious to your regional ecology.
Nettles, often considered weeds and discredited as unpleasant, invasive, stinging plants, have long since been renowned as a source of vitamin C, proteins and minerals. Nettle leaves also serve as a preservative in cheese making and their high levels of chlorophyll make them an ideal food colouring. Fermented, they provide a natural fertiliser. Stinging nettles and other wild plants have been consumed across the ages, from the first hunter-gatherers to the present day. The plant is used in a variety of ways: While nettle fibres have been used to weave string and rope since Neolithic times, from Antiquity onward, medicine recommended the use of nettle leaves and juice to stop bleeding.
Nettles have a bad reputation among gardeners.
Stinging nettle Urtica genus is a European native plant that has become naturalized throughout the United States. It's considered an aggressive invasive and has become established and common in certain areas. True to its name, stinging nettle imparts a painful sting through tiny hairs on the underside of its leaves and on its stems. The trichomes inject formic acid, histamines, and other chemicals into your skin, which is what causes the sting. Stinging nettle is dioecious , which means plants can have either male or female flowers. Stinging nettle resembles clearweed Pilea pumila , a non-toxic but unpalatable plant, but clearweed has no stinging hairs.
Ah, nostalgia…sweet sweltering Kansas summers and stinging nettle! As we walked down to the creek bed my friends missed it but it always got me. Imagine my surprise when I realized what a wonderful herb it is. It grows in large patches and will be anywhere from feet tall. Stinging nettle loves soil with good moisture. It loves fertile soil full of organic matter and does well in full sun or partial shade. My father made an accidental permaculture pile with old logs and some prairie hay bales that quickly became a giant patch of nettle. As I said before nettle likes a fertile moist soil in a sunny location but partial shade will do.
This will allow the plant to continue growing for later harvesting. HOW TO TREAT NETTLE STINGS. Now that you've finished harvesting your nettle.
Nettles are an important source of food for butterflies such as the red admiral, peacock and small tortoiseshell and some humans like eating nettles too. Most of us though, are very wary of them and there stinging hairs that give a painful sting sometimes followed by a rash. Nettles can be a nuisanc e especially for unsuspecting children exploring the banks and hedgerows on a ramble in the countryside.
Several cultivars of spotted deadnettle in bloom. Spotted deadnettle, Lamium maculatum , is one of about 50 species in the type genus for the mint family Lamiaceae native to Europe, temperate western Asia and North Africa. This prostrate, herbaceous perennial is hardy in zonesThis near-evergreen plant at least in mild climates is generally a low inches tall , spreading plant, but sometimes becomes mounded. The plants branch only at the base with the square, hollow trailing stems rooting as they spread to form a dense mat. The downy to softly hairy leaves, which are unpleasantly scented when bruised, are green with a white or silver stripe down the midvein, or other markings or variegation in various cultivars.
Common Nettle is an herbaceous perennial with edible, nutritious leaves. Yes, both are true! Nettles are a native food so nutritious and delicious and medicinal , they have been actively used for thousands of years in cultures across the globe. They just need to be dried or blanched first to neutralize the stinging hairs. In particular, Nettle scores very high in Vitamin A, calcium, and iron.
When I first started gardening, I absolutely hated stinging nettle. Frequently, I would be out peacefully weeding my beds and daydreaming — until I was jolted back to earth by an unexpected sting, the effects of which could last for hours. We link to vendors to help you find relevant products. If you buy from one of our links, we may earn a commission.